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Freeze Dryers. How do they work?

The process of freeze-drying (also referred to as lyophilization) is the process of dehydrating perishable materials for preservation for a longer period of time. Freeze drying works by freezing the material and reducing the surrounding pressure adding enough heat to allow the frozen water in the ...


Autoclavable sensors from Hamilton company


EasyFerm Bio sensors from Hamilton EasyFerm Bio sensors are designed for applications in pharmaceutical, biotechnology and food & beverage industries where certification of no biological risk of cytotoxicity is mandatory and where intensive CIP is conducted. The  electrolyte of the EasyFerm ...


Measurement principle of Hamilton sensors


The photodiode with the red filter measures the oxygen-dependent red light generated on the luminophore through luminescence (fluorescence) caused after exitation by the blue light. Electrons are excited to a higher energy level, and return to their original level after emission of red light ...