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Freeze Dryers. How do they work?

The process of freeze-drying (also referred to as lyophilization) is the process of dehydrating perishable materials for preservation for a longer period of time. Freeze drying works by freezing the material and reducing the surrounding pressure adding enough heat to allow the frozen water in the ...

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Autoclavable sensors from Hamilton company

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EasyFerm Bio sensors from Hamilton EasyFerm Bio sensors are designed for applications in pharmaceutical, biotechnology and food & beverage industries where certification of no biological risk of cytotoxicity is mandatory and where intensive CIP is conducted. The  electrolyte of the EasyFerm ...

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Measurement principle of Hamilton sensors

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The photodiode with the red filter measures the oxygen-dependent red light generated on the luminophore through luminescence (fluorescence) caused after exitation by the blue light. Electrons are excited to a higher energy level, and return to their original level after emission of red light ...

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